Goldman Sachs cuts growth forecast for first half of 2019

With the Federal Reserve embarked on a path to gradually hike interest rates, the bank now thinks the central bank will pump its brakes on raising borrowing costs — and could even reverse course in 2020. Central bank officials have approved four rate hikes this year and have indicated two more are coming in 2019.

“We now see a probability-weighted 1.2 hikes in all of 2019, from 1.6 hikes previously,” Goldman said. “Nevertheless, our forecast remains above market pricing, which implies a stable funds rate in 2019 and cuts in 2020.”

The bank isn’t alone in thinking a reversal of Fed policy could be in the making, especially with head-spinning volatility driving stocks into correction territory.

History has shown that the Fed can and will change its mind on a dime when it comes to raising and cutting interest rates, according to an analysis written this week by David Rosenberg, the chief economist and strategist at Gluskin Sheff.

“When I tell people the Fed will be easing monetary policy in coming months, the view is met with…laughter. But it is not a laughing matter,” Rosenberg told clients in a note Thursday. “These folks who sneer and shake their head just because of what the central bank is saying today are not students of history.”

Goldman’s somber assessment came only weeks after the bank said the negative impact of falling stocks and rising interest rates would likely to be offset by higher wages and oil prices in retreat.

The good news for the economy remains a solid employment market and contained price pressures, the bank added. Goldman expects the unemployment rate to continue its downward trend, hitting 3.25 percent by the end of next year. The tighter labor market and higher tariffs from the U.S.-China trade battle will result in modestly higher inflation, pushing up core prices to 2.1 percent, according to Goldman.

–CNBC’s Jeff Cox contributed to this article.

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The real test happens two weeks from nowPeople walk past the headquarters of the People's Bank of China (PBOC), the central bank, in Beijing, China September 28, 2018.