Up to 80% of financial claims management firms (CMCs) could disappear as regulation of the sector is stepped up, their trade body has warned.
These businesses take on applications for financial compensation – often for mis-sold payment protection insurance (PPI) – and take a cut of any payout.
Their regulation has been switched to the City watchdog, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).
All claims firms will have to register with the FCA and face new rules.
The move will be welcomed by some who see CMCs as a nuisance.
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Claims firms are no strangers to criticism. Consumer campaigners have stressed that most people can seek compensation for a mis-sold financial product, such as PPI, without the need for a claims company which can take 25% of any payout.
There has been frustration at the number of nuisance calls that come from the sector.
Payday lender Wonga also blamed a surge in compensation claims from CMCs, in part, for its collapse.
But Simon Evans, chief executive of the Alliance of Claims Companies, said that Wonga’s demise was the result of its own poor lending practises, that a few bad operators had been responsible for nuisance calls, and that CMCs provided access to justice for millions of people.
Around £34bn has been paid out by banks in compensation for mis-sold PPI, and Mr Evans said it was possible only half of eligible claims had been made.
He said CMCs were helping those who were unable to make a claim or who wanted to employ a third party to do it for them.
In November, the trade body claimed some customers had been incorrectly told by their bank that they never had a PPI policy, only later to receive a payout for mis-sold PPI after CMCs got involved.
The deadline for PPI claims is 29 August, and Mr Evans said that – given firms were busy with cases – it was the “worst possible time” for CMCs to face new regulatory burdens.
These companies have needed to apply for temporary authorisation from the FCA which, from Monday, has taken over regulation of the sector from the Ministry of Justice. A full authorisation process will start in the coming weeks.
A similar routine was followed when the FCA took on debt management companies, leading to an exodus from that sector.
Mr Evans said he feared the same could be true with CMCs, with 50% to 80% of the 670 companies offering management of financial claims – particularly small firms – choosing to stop rather than face the extra bureaucracy.
“We have always said we welcome good application of the regulations, and we are strongly against any bad behaviour,” he said. “But fewer firms could mean less chance of access to justice for consumers [who have been mis-sold financial products].”
The FCA said that its new regulation regime was designed to strike out any “cowboys” in the industry.
It said more than 900 CMCs, covering a range of sectors, had applied for temporary permission to operate. New rules, which cover England, Scotland and Wales, should mean:
- Stopping firms encouraging customers to make fraudulent, frivolous or vexatious claims
- Customers are given clear, upfront details of fees
- A summary document outlining the services provided is offered before a customer signs up
Jonathan Davidson, of the FCA, said: “Many CMCs play an important role in helping to secure compensation for customers, including for those who otherwise might not make a claim.
“The new regime has consumer protection and CMC professionalism at its heart. It will mean that customers will be protected from claims management cowboys and get a better deal.”
The Association of British Insurers, which has often criticised parts of the CMC sector for encouraging fraudulent motor accident claims, said the crackdown on “compensation cowboys” was “long overdue”.
“For too long, too many people have been pestered by unwanted calls, texts and emails from firms that often try to encourage dishonest compensation claims, at the expense of honest customers,” said James Dalton, of the ABI.