Can dealmaker Trump seal Middle East peace? – BBC News
A president-elect who prides himself on the “art of the deal” is about to confront a mire in the Middle East where deals are sorely needed, but so very hard to clinch.
Across the Middle East and beyond, many are pondering Mr Trump’s declarations in the heat of the campaign, his still sketchy comments in sit-down interviews, and his first choices for his team in White House Inc.
Last week’s Sir Bani Yas Forum in Abu Dhabi, an annual gathering of foreign ministers and prominent regional experts, provided a snapshot of the uncertainties and ambiguities before Mr Trump formally takes charge on 20 January.
A respected US commentator derided a businessman without experience in governing who “discovers our policies while speaking.” He summarised Mr Trump’s foreign policy thinking as “contradictory impulses.”
Others urged everyone to “give him time.”
“He likes to do deals, so there could be opportunities,” remarked an Arab ambassador.
So unpredictable is the man about to assume the mantle of the world’s most powerful president that one policy expert warned “he could open hotels in Iran or go to war with Iran”.
The region presents the property tycoon turned President-elect with a number of complex deals to try to strike: end a devastating war in Syria; resolve a destructive conflict in Yemen; untangle the geopolitical knots which harden these tensions and are threaded through parallel wars against so-called Islamic State (IS) and Al Qaeda-linked groups.
Mr Trump has already cast his eye on the most elusive agreement of all – an Israeli Palestinian peace accord.
“That’s the ultimate deal,” he told the Wall Street Journal in an interview shortly after his electoral victory. “As a dealmaker, I’d like to do… the deal that can’t be made.”
But its the nearly six-year-long conflict in Syria which is likely to be his first test.
In his latest and most extensive interview, with a group of New York Times editors and reporters, the president-elect seemed to hint at greater engagement than his so far single focus on defeating IS. But it was still bereft of details or depth.
When asked what he would do about the Syria conflict he replied: “I can only say this: we have to end the craziness that’s going on in Syria.”
Then, intriguingly, he asked to go off the record about “one of the things that was told to me.”
Over the past year, Mr Trump repeatedly said he would team up with Russia and its ally President Bashar al-Assad to take on IS. Ending extremist groups’ control of territory in Syria and Iraq is also one of President Obama’s principle aims, which is now making progress.
But Mr Trump has been publicly nailing his colours to a different mast.
“I’m not saying Assad is a good man, because he’s not,” Mr Trump told The New York Times in an interview earlier this year. “But our far greater problem is not Assad, it’s ISIS,” he said, using an alternative name for IS.
As for the US-backed rebels, he’s said “we have no idea who these people are”.
“Wait until he gets his first intelligence briefing,” cautioned one Western analyst at the Forum hosted by the UAE’s Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah Bin Zayed.
“Will he really want to abandon the rebels, especially when he realises that Russia spends more time attacking them, rather then IS?”