How college hoops corruption became a federal investigation, and why it might get bigger
That November, according to court documents unsealed Tuesday in New York, Marty Blazer agreed to help the FBI investigate the black market surrounding major college sports. Since 2000, Blazer later would admit, he had paid college athletes if they agreed to become his clients when they turned pro, and he could introduce FBI agents to others he had met along the way.
Three years later, that investigation burst into public view Tuesday, with the arrests of 10 men — including four assistant basketball coaches at Division I schools and a top Adidas executive accused of arranging six-figure bribes for basketball recruits — and a news conference in which a federal prosecutor implied more arrests could come.
How far the fallout from this investigation extends — how many schools, coaches and athletes will be implicated — likely depends on a series of conversations that will take place over the next few months between prosecutors and lawyers for the 10 men arrested late Monday and Tuesday on charges that include conspiracies to commit money laundering, wire fraud and bribery.
In those discussions, according to those familiar with federal investigations, prosecutors probably will apply pressure as they seek evidence against the people not named in the complaints unsealed Tuesday: “Senior Executive-1” with the apparel company later identified as Adidas; “Coach-2,” who works at the university later identified as Louisville; and others at schools referred to without descriptions who apparently also were bidding for players.
In one wiretapped conversation described in the complaint, Adidas executive Jim Gatto discussed paying one high school player $100,000 and then was informed by an underling that another school — sponsored by a rival apparel company — was willing to pay $150,000.
Attorneys for Gatto did not respond to requests to comment. Adidas also did not respond to a request to comment.
Adidas sponsors more than 90 NCAA programs, according to the company’s website, including high-profile basketball teams at Indiana, Kansas and Michigan State. Kansas athletics spokesman Jim Marchiony, in an email Wednesday, said Gatto had not been involved in the school’s negotiations with Adidas and Kansas has not been contacted by federal law enforcement. Officials at Indiana and Michigan State did not reply to requests to comment.
Blazer did not reply to a phone call Wednesday, and his attorney declined to comment. Two weeks ago, according to a witness cooperation agreement, Blazer pleaded guilty to charges including wire fraud, securities fraud and identity theft. In exchange for his cooperation, prosecutors agreed not to pursue other charges against Blazer, whose roster of former athlete clients includes former Cleveland Browns wide receiver Greg Little and former NFL running back Anthony Allen.
Through Blazer, court documents allege, FBI agents were able to infiltrate a group of men who collaborated — and profited from — steering star high school basketball players to Adidas-sponsored schools, in exchange for the promise that those players, when they turned professional, would wear Adidas and retain the other men — who included a financial adviser and an agent — for their services.
“You can make millions off of one kid,” sports agent Christian Dawkins said in one wiretapped call, prosecutors allege.
Dawkins is another central figure in the prosecution’s case, according to complaints. Fired in May from his previous agency for allegations of unauthorized use of an NBA player’s credit card, Dawkins was trying to start his own sports agency, and Blazer and an undercover FBI agent posed as prospective investors in this new venture. In one wiretapped phone call, prosecutors allege, Dawkins spoke with the father of a Louisville recruit, arranging a meeting for the father to pick up a $19,500 payment.
In another phone call, according to the complaint, Dawkins told an undercover FBI agent that an Adidas independent contractor named Merl Code had reimbursed Dawkins for the payment to the recruit’s father.
Code was quoted explaining the bribery scheme in another wiretapped call, the complaint alleges: Adidas was “not engaging in a monetary relationship with an amateur athlete; we’re engaging in a monetary relationship with a business manager, and whatever he decides to do with it, that’s between him and the family.”